Glossary

Key signs and symptoms urological diseases and injury

Acute renal colic

Renal colic is a type of pain caused by kidney stones. Kidney stones (urolithiasis) are crystals that form from chemicals in the urine. Usually, a stone develops because too much of a single chemical is present in the urine.

Cystitis

Inflammation of the bladder

Dysuria

Pain, discomfort, or burning when urinating

Haematuria

Occurrence of blood in the urine. Can be non-visible (microhematuria) or visible (macrohematuria).

Hematoma

A hematoma is a collection of blood, usually clotted, outside of a blood vessel that may occur because of an injury to the wall of a blood vessel, allowing blood to leak out into tissues where it does not belong.

Hematospermia

Blood in sperm

Penile curvature

Curvature of the penis is an abnormal bend in the penis that occurs during erection.

Penile fracture

Rupture of one or both of the tunica albuginea, the fibrous coverings that envelop the corpora cavernosa of the penis.

Scrotal pain

Scrotal pain occurs when part or all of either one or both testicles hurt. Pain in the scrotum is also often included.

Testicular torsion

Testicular torsion occurs when the spermatic cord (from which the testicle is suspended) twists, cutting off the testicle’s blood supply, a condition called ischemia. The principal symptom is rapid onset of testicular pain.

Urinary tract infection

A urinary tract infection is an infection in any part of the urinary system: the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra.

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