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Benign Prostatic Enlargement


The enlarged part of the prostate.

Anaesthesia (general, spinal, or local)

Before a procedure you will get medication to make sure that you don’t feel pain. Under general anaesthesia you are unconscious and unaware of what is happening to you. Under spinal or local anaesthesia you will not feel pain in the part of your body where the procedure is done. Anaesthesia wears off gradually after the procedure.

Benign enlargement

Cell growth in the body which is not cancerous.


Organ which collects urine from the kidneys.


Any symptoms or conditions that make a certain treatment option undesirable.


A type of endoscope which is used in the urethra (see also Endoscope, Urethra).


The doctor and nurses do a series of tests to understand what causes your symptoms.

Digital rectal examination

A test in which the doctor uses a finger to feel the size, shape, and consistency of the prostate to diagnose conditions like an enlarged prostate or prostate cancer.


A tube-like instrument to examine the inside of the body. Can be flexible or rigid.

Erectile dysfunction

The inability to get or keep an erection.


Taking images of the body with ultrasound, x-ray or other scanning techniques.

Indwelling catheter

A tube placed in the urethra and bladder to help you urinate.


Lower urinary tract symptoms. A term used for the symptoms caused by BPE which can also point to other diseases affecting the urinary tract (see also Urinary tract).



Minimally-invasive procedure

A surgical procedure where there is no need to make an incision in the body. An endoscope is used to reach the part of the body that needs to be treated through the urethra (see also Endoscope).


Waking up one or more times during the night because of the need to urinate.


Having to do with or affecting the body.


The gland which produces the fluid which carries semen. It is located in the male lower urinary tract, under the bladder and around the urethra.

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)

A protein produced by the prostate which may increase in men with a benign prostatic enlargement, prostatic inflammation, or prostate cancer.


A surgical procedure in which part of or the entire prostate is removed.


Having to do with or affecting the mind.


A type of endoscope used for minimally invasive treatment of BPE.

Retrograde ejaculation

A condition when semen can no longer go through the urethra during orgasm but goes into the bladder instead. The semen later leaves the body during urination.


Imaging technique that uses high-frequency sounds to make an image of the inside of the body (ultrasound).


The tube which carries urine from the bladder and out of the body.


The sudden need to urinate which is difficult to postpone.

Urinary incontinence

Involuntary loss of urine.

Urinary retention

When you are unable to urinate. This condition can be chronic.

Urinary tract

The organ system which produces and transports urine through and out of the body. It includes two kidneys, two ureters, the bladder and the urethra. The urinary tract is similar in men and women, only men have a longer urethra.


A doctor specialized in health and diseases of the urinary tract and the genitals.