Potential causes of priapism

Diseases of the blood (haematological disease)

  • Sickle cell disease
  • Thalassemia


  • Metabolic disorders
  • Amyloidosis
  • Fabry disease
  • Gout

Neurogenic disorders

  • Spinal cord injury
  • Stroke
  • Brain tumour
  • Spinal anaesthesia

New abnormal tissue growth (neoplasm) that has infiltrated surrounding tissue or spread to the organs


  • Recreational drugs, including alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine
  • Prescription medications. including antidepressants, blood thinners, and calcium channel blockers (used to lower blood pressure)