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The content of European Association of Urology (EAU) Patient Information and all products derived from such material is made available for personal and educational use only. No commercial usage is authorized. No part of EAU Patient Information and any related products, including illustrations, may be translated or reproduced in any form without written permission from the EAU.

EAU Patient Information materials can be: viewed, printed or downloaded for personal or educational use, and linked to from external websites or online media.

The EAU do not allow for the insertion of Patient Information and any other material based on these texts in external websites, pages, portals, or servers, unless specific permission has been granted for such.


This website contains general materials about urological conditions which can be used for informational and educational purposes. The information is not intended nor suited to be a replacement or substitute for professional medical treatment or for professional medical advice. If you have any specific questions about your individual medical situation you should consult your doctor or other professional healthcare provider.

This information was produced by the European Association of Urology (EAU) in collaboration with the EAU Section of Urolithiasis (EULIS), the Urolithiasis Section of the EAU Young Academic Urologists, the European Association of Urology Nurses (EAUN), the Bulgarian Association of Urology (BAU), the Croatian Society of Urology, the Chinese Urological Association (CAU), the Czech Urological Society (CUS), the Dominican Society of Urology (SDU), Finnish Urological Society (FUA), Hellenic Urological Association (HUA), the Italian Society of Urology (SUI),the Polish Urological Association (PUA), the Portuguese Association of Urology (APU), the Slovak Society of Urology, the Slovenian Urological Association (ZUS), Spanish Association of Urology (AEU), the Turkish Association of Urology (TUA) and the Society of Urological Surgery Turkey (SUST).

The content of the medical information on this website is in line with the EAU Guidelines.

This project is financially supported by the European Association of Urology. This website does not host or receive funding from advertising.


The EAU is committed to ensuring that your privacy is protected. On this website we do not ask you to provide personal information or information by which you can be identified as the website’s user.

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