Diagnosis and Classification of Prostate Cancer

Symptoms at Diagnosis

Symptoms at Diagnosis

Prostate cancer is generally asymptomatic, which means that there are no clear symptoms to indicate it. In most cases, symptoms are caused by benign prostatic enlargement (BPE), or an infection. If prostate cancer does cause symptoms it is usually a sign that the disease has advanced. Because of this it is important that you see a doctor to understand what causes the symptoms.

The symptoms may include:

  • Urinary symptoms such as urinary frequency or a weak stream of urine
  • Blood in the urine
  • Erection problems
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Loss of bowel control
  • Pain in the hips, back, chest, or legs
  • Weak legs

Bone pain could be a sign that the cancer has spread through the body. This is known as metastatic disease.

Terms your doctor may use:

  • Benign tumour: a non-cancerous growth which will not spread to other organs
  • Malignant tumour: a cancerous growth which either grows continuously or in spurts. Malignant tumours can metastasize, which means they spread throughout the body
  • Metastatic disease: when a tumour has spread to other organs or distant lymph nodes